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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
lap



lap [lap laps lapped lapping] noun, verb BrE [læp] NAmE [læp]
noun countable
1. usually singular the top part of your legs that forms a flat surface when you are sitting down
There's only one seat so you'll have to sit on my lap.
She sat with her hands in her lap.
2. one journey from the beginning to the end of a track used for running, etc
the fastest lap on record
She has completed six laps.
He was overtaken on the final lap.
to do a lap of honour (= go around the track again to celebrate winning)
• (NAmE)to do a victory lap
3. a section of a journey, or of a piece of work, etc
They're off on the first lap of their round-the-world tour.
We've nearly finished. We're on the last lap.

Word Origin:
n. sense 1 Old English læppa Germanic Dutch lap German Lappen ‘piece of cloth’ lapel Middle English n. senses 2 to 3 and v. sense 3 Middle English ‘coil, fold, or wrap’ ↑lapv. senses 1 to 2 Old English lapian Germanic Middle Low German Middle Dutch lapen

Example Bank:
He took a quick lap around the empty rink.
He tripped and fell on the final lap.
He was swimming laps in the pool.
I skated a victory lap around the rink.
The fastest lap was completed at 208 mph.
The silver medallist joined the winner in a lap of honour.
The winner did a lap of honour/honor.
an indoor heated lap pool
Alonso was leading at the end of lap five.
He immediately set the fastest lap of the race.
The 800m is two laps of the track.
Idioms:drop something in somebody's lap in the lap of luxury in the lap of the gods something drops into somebody's lap
Derived:lap something up
 
verb (-pp-)
1. intransitive (of water)to touch sth gently and regularly, often making a soft sound
The waves lapped around our feet.
the sound of water lapping against the boat
2. transitive ~ sth (of animals)to drink sth with quick movements of the tongue
3. transitive ~ sb (in a race)to pass another runner on a track who is one or more ↑laps behind you
She had already lapped most of the other runners.
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
n. sense 1 Old English læppa Germanic Dutch lap German Lappen ‘piece of cloth’ lapel Middle English n. senses 2 to 3 and v. sense 3 Middle English ‘coil, fold, or wrap’ ↑lapv. senses 1 to 2 Old English lapian Germanic Middle Low German Middle Dutch lapen

Example Bank:
The freezing water lapped over her boots.
The water lapped around his ankles.
The waves lapped at his feet.
The waves lapped gently against the side of the ship.

 

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