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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
lean



lean [lean leans leaned leant leaning] verb, adjective, noun BrE [liːn] NAmE [liːn]
verb (leaned, leaned)(BrE also leant, leantBrE [lent] ; NAmE [lent] )
1. intransitive (+ adv./prep.) to bend or move from a vertical position
I leaned back in my chair.
The tower is leaning dangerously.
A man was leaning out of the window.
2. intransitive to rest on or against sth for support
~ against sth A shovel was leaning against the wall.
~ on sth She walked slowly, leaning on her son's arm.
3. transitive ~ sth against/on sth to make sth rest against sth in a sloping position
Can I lean my bike against the wall?
see bend/lean over backwards at backwards
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
v. Old English hleonian hlinian Germanic Dutch leunen German lehnen Indo-European Latin inclinare Greek klinein adj. and n. Old English hlǣne Germanic

Thesaurus:
lean verb
1. I (usually used with an adverb or preposition)
I leaned back in my chair.
tilt • • tip • • angle • • slant • • slope • • bank
lean/tilt/tip/angle/slant/slope (sth) towards/away from sth
lean/angle/slant (sth) across sth
lean/tilt/tip (sth) forwards/back/backwards/to one side
2. I, T
Lean your bike against the wall.
rest • • prop • • stand • • balance • • steady • • poise
lean/rest/prop/stand/balance (sth) on sth
lean/rest/prop/stand/steady (sth) against sth

Example Bank:
Britain leans heavily on Europe for trade.
He leaned back in his chair.
He leaned closer, lowering his voice.
He leaned into the open doorway.
He leaned towards her.
Kate leaned comfortably against the wall.
She leaned casually over the railings.
She leaned forward eagerly to listen to him.
She leaned her head against his shoulder.
She leaned precariously out of the window.
She leaned to one side.
She was leaning confidentially across the table.
The old man was leaning heavily on a stick.
The taxi driver leaned through his window.
Women and children leaned from the windows of the surrounding tenements.
A shovel was leaning against the fence.
She walked slowly, leaning on her son's arm.
Derived Word:leanness
Derived:lean on somebody lean to something
 
adjective (lean·er, lean·est)
1. (usually approving) (of people, especially men, or animals)without much flesh; thin and fit
a lean, muscular body
He was tall, lean and handsome.
2. (of meat)containing little or no fat
a lean, tender piece of beef
3. usually before noun (of a period of time)difficult and not producing much money, food, etc
a lean period/spell
The company recovered well after going through several lean years.
This is the leanest time of the year for the tourist industry.
Many animals have a lean time of it in winter.
4. (of organizations, etc.)strong and efficient because the number of employees has been reduced
The changes made the company leaner and more competitive.

Word Origin:
v. Old English hleonian hlinian Germanic Dutch leunen German lehnen Indo-European Latin inclinare Greek klinein adj. and n. Old English hlǣne Germanic

Example Bank:
The Frenchman's body looked lean and hard.
These were very lean years for the company.
They have a rather lean time through the winter months.
He had a lean, muscular body.
He's tall, lean and handsome

 
noun uncountable
the part of meat that has little or no fat

Word Origin:
v. Old English hleonian hlinian Germanic Dutch leunen German lehnen Indo-European Latin inclinare Greek klinein adj. and n. Old English hlǣne Germanic
 

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